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Laban's Eight Efforts

Rudolf Laban was a choreographer and a dancer. He defined human movement into eight efforts. Each movement has four component parts (direction, speed, weight, flow). Those four component parts have two elements to them (direct/indirect, quick/sustained, heavy/light, bound/ free).

Use these “efforts” to give your students specific choices when it comes to character's physicalization. Choose an effort that defines how they move.

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